cancer patient and her father
Credit: Rhoda Baer
Despite having insurance, many US cancer patients may forgo medical care and change their lifestyles due to treatment-related financial burdens, a new survey suggests.
Nearly 40% of the 174 patients surveyed adopted medical care-altering strategies, such as skipping recommended testing and treatment.
And nearly 9 out of 10 patients made at least one lifestyle change, such as spending less money on food and clothing or selling their possessions.
Prior research has suggested that about 13% of patients suffer from high out-of-pocket financial burden after they are diagnosed with cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, as many as 20% of Americans with cancer spend their life savings to pay for their care.
“We need a better, more open dialogue between patients and providers about the financial burden associated with cancer care costs,” said lead study author Ryan Nipp, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston.
“We found that people use a range of different cost-coping strategies, and we need to engage with patients on their choices and develop screening tools to identify patients who are likely to make potentially harmful decisions about their treatment.”
Dr Nipp presented these findings (abstract 161*) in a presscast in advance of the 2014 Palliative Care in Oncology Symposium, which is taking place October 24-25 at the Westin Boston Waterfront in Boston.
The researchers surveyed 174 patients (median age 67, 96% female, 83% white) undergoing treatment for cancer (85% breast, 4% colorectal, 11% other solid tumors). All patients were insured and had requested financial assistance through a national copay assistance program.
Overall, 89% of participants used at least one lifestyle-altering strategy, and 39% used at least one medical care-altering strategy.
The most common medical care-altering strategies were not filling a prescription (28%) and taking less medication than prescribed (22%). Patients also reported skipping tests (10%), forgoing procedures (8%), and missing doctor’s appointments (6%).
Lifestyle-altering strategies included spending less on leisure activities (78%), spending less on basics like food and clothing (57%), borrowing money (54%), spending savings (50%), selling possessions (18%), and having family members work more (15%).
Younger age, higher education, and shorter time on chemotherapy were all associated with a greater likelihood of adopting lifestyle coping strategies compared to older age, lower education, and longer time on chemotherapy.
Younger patients were also more likely to use care-altering strategies compared to older patients. And lower-income patients used more care-altering strategies than higher-income patients.
*Data in the abstract differ from data presented.